How much Income Tax you pay in each tax year depends on:
- how much of your income is above your Personal Allowance
- how much of your income falls within each tax band
Some income is tax-free.
The current tax year is from 6 April 2018 to 5 April 2019.
Your tax-free Personal Allowance
The standard Personal Allowance is £11,850, which is the amount of income you don’t have to pay al Allowance may be bigger if you claim Marriage Allowance or Blind Person’s Allowance. It’s smaller if your income is over £100,000.
Income Tax rates and bands
The table shows the tax rates you pay in each band if you have a standard Personal Allowance of £11,850.
Income tax bands are different if you live in Scotland.
|Band||Taxable income||Tax rate|
|Personal Allowance||Up to £11,850||0%|
|Basic rate||£11,851 to £46,350||20%|
|Higher rate||£46,351 to £150,000||40%|
|Additional rate||over £150,000||45%|
You can also see the rates and bands without the Personal Allowance. You don’t get a Personal Allowance on taxable income over £123,700.